Reed Elsevier, Inc. v. Muchnick (08-103), Mac's Shell Service, Inc. v. Shell Oil Products Co. LLC (08-240), Johnson v. United States (08-6925) and order list
Greetings, Court fans!
Finally, in Johnson v. United States, the Court held that a conviction for battery, when defined to include mere intentional unwanted touching of another, will not be treated as a conviction for "a violent felony" for purposes of a sentencing enhancement. First, some background: federal law prohibits convicted felons from possessing firearms or ammunition, and permits judges to impose enhanced sentences on felons-in-possession who have three prior convictions for a violent felony. Disputes frequently arise over whether prior convictions under various state laws meet the federal definition of a violent felony. That definition includes, among others, an offense that has as an element the use of "physical force" against the person of another. Johnson had a prior conviction for battery under Florida law, which defined battery to include intentionally touching or striking another person against his will, and made battery (normally a misdemeanor) a felony when committed by a defendant who had been convicted of battery before (which Johnson had). The repercussion of past crimes can multiply like rabbits.